Original: Respiratory Department of Shenzhen Children's Hospital
Children with asthma often have persistent allergic inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness, which can be triggered by exposure to even mild irritants that are not harmful to healthy children and, with repeated attacks, can affect lung function in adulthood if asthma is not well controlled.
Inhaled glucocorticosteroids can both treat and prevent attacks, and non-pharmacological prevention is equally important.
Allergic asthma is triggered by ingested or exposed allergens, with common allergens being inhalants such as dust mites and animal dander, and ingested allergens such as milk, seafood and proteins.
Fish, crustaceans, soy, nuts, wheat; attentive parents give attention to these. As summer approaches and diets become more chaotic, another group of allergens - beverages - is often overlooked.
1. Cold drinks
The summer weather is hot, a cup of cold drinks is very relaxing, "cool" feeling is not too good oh. But for asthmatic babies is often a taboo.
Airway hyper-responsiveness is an important feature of asthma, the airway that trachea, bronchial tubes to a variety of physical, chemical, biological stimuli show a premature, too strong response phenomenon; cold drinks, cold food and cold air can directly stimulate the airway and or esophageal nerve reflex induced bronchial spasm leading to asthma attacks; cold drinks will also cause stomach and intestinal peristalsis to slow down, which can lead to indigestion, appetite loss, so that the patient's physical decline, asthma recovery is not good.
So such "cold" drinks or not to drink.
2. "Sugary" drinks
Most soft drinks are loaded with sugar, and sweets are always a favorite among children.
However, studies have found a positive correlation between soft drinks (especially sugar-sweetened beverages) and asthma onset in different populations of children and adults, and the mechanism of action is tentatively hypothesized to be that sugar activates inflammatory pathways, and excessive intake of high sugar-sweetened beverages increases inflammatory mediators, triggering asthma or exacerbating symptoms.
As high intake of sugar easily leads to obesity, which leads to decreased lung function and insulin tolerance, obesity is an internal cause of the association between soft drinks and asthma.
3. "Aerated" beverages
This kind of beverage is mainly carbonated, after ingestion, easy to produce gas can lead to abdominal distension and compression of the chest cavity, thus aggravating asthma symptoms; if you have gastrointestinal diseases, it is easy to induce acid reflux, resulting in asthma is difficult to cure.
4. "Dairy" drinks
Dairy drinks are liquid products made from fresh milk and dairy products without fermentation or after fermentation with water or other excipients. This includes milk beverages, lactobacillus milk beverages, lactic acid beverages, and lactobacillus beverages. Because of cow's milk protein allergy, asthmatic children should avoid them.
5. "Juice" drinks
Most of these drinks are made from fruit juice or fruit pulp, with a wide variety of fruit flavors to choose from, which is very popular with children; at the same time, because "juice" drinks are rich in vitamin C, which is beneficial to the body's anti-disease, they are also favored by parents.
However, it should be noted that fruits can also trigger allergic asthma, such as peaches, apples, bananas, strawberries, pineapples, coconuts and other allergies, if these allergens are positive children need to avoid.
Of course, ingesting large amounts of fructose will also trigger an inflammatory response in the body, which is similar to the effect of drinks containing "sugar".
6. Drinks with additives
In fact, leaving aside the "sugar", "gas" and "cold", most liquid beverages will have additives, all kinds of additives!
Excessive consumption of beverages containing additives can cause many chemicals to accumulate in tissues and organs and become allergens, directly affecting the physiological function and activity of many enzymes in the body, resulting in a decline in immune function and leading to allergic asthma or other diseases.
Synthetic colors such as flavors can cause asthma, urticaria, itchy skin and other allergies; additives such as benzoic acid or sulfite can stimulate symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, urticaria and contact dermatitis.
You must know that most summer drinks are not suitable for asthmatic children. Parents need to be selective and not risk their mouths for asthmatic babies who have frequent asthma attacks or who are not treated well.
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