Russia's Red Square parade, armor family unveils new equipment, 57 mm rapid-fire gun infantry fighting to show off its power

2020-06-28

Introduction

At the Red Square military parade on June 24, the ground squads of the Russian armed forces displayed a magnificent display of infantry fighting vehicles of various types, while the The BMP-2, BMP-3 and other infantry fighting vehicles were the focus of the parade. Old, but also becoming overbearing after constant modernization by the Russian military. In addition to upgrading old equipment, Russia has also taken modular design to the extreme, and in infantry fighting vehicles and sequences, various types of infantry vehicles The 57mm rapid-fire gun module installed is striking.

The 2S38 anti-aircraft gun in the Red Square parade.

Old soldiers never die - "Infantry Tank" BMP-2M

BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles have been in Russian military service since 1980, and they have been seen from the beginning of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan until the Donbass war in eastern Ukraine after 2014.

BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle

The BMP-2 also influenced the design philosophy of modern armored vehicles: the BMP-2, though, as an infantry fighting vehicle. The primary mission was to support the motorized infantry, but the experience of the successive wars in which it has been involved indicates that the crew of the BMP-2, as trained It can be used as a tank, effectively suppressing the enemy's medium and light armoured vehicles and infantry life forces; so much so that during the Syrian war , no more than 12 of the 200 or so BMP-2s of the Syrian government forces were destroyed. This design philosophy also influenced the Kurgan 25 and T-15 infantry fighting vehicles that we will describe later.

BMP-2M infantry fighting vehicles en route to Red Square

The BMP-2M on display at the parade, however, spotlights the anti-armor tech tree to the max, with the initial version of the BMP-2 just being the 73 mm smoothbore gun and 9K111 anti-tank missile, upgraded to BMP-2M with a 57 mm gun. The modular turret with a reduced caliber provides greater armor-piercing capability, and the BMP-2M can even take on modern The AGS-135, which used to be used against infantry, poses a threat to the flanks of the main battle tanks. The anti-tank missiles have also been replaced with the latest 9K135 anti-tank missiles, which were once used to counter the infantry's powerful AGS-135. 17 The 30 mm grenade launcher has changed its mounting position.

Shoulder Merkava - T-15 Heavy Infantry Fighting Vehicle (HIFV)

Who was dubbed the Great Infantry Chariot? The first thing that comes to mind is the Israeli Merkava series of main battle tanks, which fuse tanks and infantry fighting vehicles into one, but the Merkava The much-maligned protection system may make it a true "big infantry fighting vehicle". While everyone was laughing at the Merkava's design, the Russians quietly rebuilt the modular chassis of the T-14 Armata main battle tank. Into an infantry fighting vehicle, another T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle similar to the tank was introduced.

The T-15 infantry fighting vehicle

Actually, the T-15 is not the only infantry fighting vehicle to use a tank chassis conversion, the Israelis designed the Merkava 4 main battlefield. After the tank, it simply used the Merkava 4 chassis, removed the turret, and turned it into a true heavy infantry fighting vehicle. The advent of this infantry fighting vehicle dramatically altered the previous situation where an infantry squad was routinely wiped out when their load was destroyed. situation.

The turret of the T-15 infantry fighting vehicle also uses a module mounted with a 57mm rapid-fire gun, and unlike the BMP-2M, the T-15 The 15 module is more versatile than the BMP-2, using the 57-gun AU-220M Baikal weapon module in addition to the The Boomerang-BM remote-controlled turret module with 30mm 2A42 cannon can be used.

Russian version of the Bradley-Kurgan-25 infantry fighting vehicle.

The BMP-2 in the previous article as well as the BMP-3, known as a veteran, and its upgraded model, the BMP-3, also served for more than 30 years in the airframe Gradually falling behind, Russia also began a modernization program, the end product of which was the Kurgan-25 infantry fighting vehicle. The original BMP series did not meet the design standards of the Western M2 Bradley and Samurai infantry fighting vehicles when used, and the Kurgan The -25, although also based on the Armata general weapons platform along with the T-15, has weakened armor protection, increased mobility and Amphibious capabilities.T-15 will be used by the Russian army in armored units, while the Kurgan-25 will be used in mechanized infantry sequences.

Parade painting Kurgan-25 infantry fighting vehicle being cleaned.

In order to adapt to the diverse battlefield environment, the Kurgan-25 uses a modular turret, in addition to the 30mm turret mentioned above. In addition to the 2A42 Boomerang-BM remote-controlled turret module, there are field anti-aircraft versions using 57 mm rapid-fire guns and Tactical support models using a 125mm howitzer. On display in this parade are models that use the 57mm low bore rapid fire gun.

BMP-3's cousin, the 2S38 field anti-aircraft gun.

As a replacement for the 2S6 Tunguska, the new 2S38 ditches Tunguska's original 2S6 modular chassis structure. The chassis of the BMP-3, which is now more common in the Russian army, was chosen. Russia, which has become obsessed with modular design, has fitted it with a 57mm remotely piloted weapon station. This new mobile air defense system is designed to engage low-flying aircraft, helicopters, drones, cruise missiles, and air-to-surface missiles. It is also capable of conducting various support operations.

2S38 anti-aircraft gun with BMP-3 chassis

57 mm is more lethal than the 30 mm in Tunguska and the 20 mm in Shillukka, which is more effective for modern armament. helicopter, which can be almost as powerful as a second shot; in addition to its old air defense, the 57mm gun's trajectory will ensure that its The 57mm is capable of destroying most active APCs, infantry fighting vehicles, self-propelled artillery systems and light armoured vehicles of all types at long range. However, the 57mm caliber allows it to carry only 148 rounds of ammunition and requires a liquid cooling system to cool the barrel when fired. The ammunition load is quite limited.

To sum up - why is the Russian Army so interested in 57mm guns?

Tracing the history of the Russian 57mm gun, it is easy to see that the Soviet Union during World War II began deploying the highly penetrating 57mm anti-tank gun, partly on wheeled towed and partly mounted on the body of the T-34 tank; by the Cold War, the Soviet Union had developed 57mm anti-aircraft guns, such as the ZSU-57-2; now, as we saw in this year's parade and as described above, the Russian army has deployed the 57mm gun on a large scale on various types of armored vehicles.

Soviet WWII-era 57mm anti-tank guns

According to the Russians, they consider the 57 mm gun to be extremely versatile and that the shells of that calibre are not only capable of destroying tanks, but also of destroying the entire population. They also pose a threat and are capable of shooting down incoming fighters in the air. These guns have a rate of fire comparable to that of a rifle, including the aforementioned 57 mm AU-220M Baikal unmanned turret module. The rapid-fire gun, with a rate of fire of up to 120 rounds per minute, can form a dense network of firepower. Armored vehicles using the 57mm gun will have a firepower advantage over other armored vehicles of the same type.

The T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle in this year's Red Square parade.

There is a dilemma in the choice of caliber of artillery, if, as is the current trend, 20mm to 30mm caliber is used. The automatic machine gun, while guaranteed rate and duration of fire and easy to carry, is much less lethal and has less range; if it is fired at the same time, it can be fired at the same time. The 76mm autocannon was used as extensively as the Italians, although it reached its maximum in lethality and range, the 76mm The artillery is huge and has limits on both rate of fire and duration of fire. At the same time, there are not many countries in the world that mass-produce similar small-caliber artillery pieces on a large scale, and the 57-mm gun currently in use in the United States is still only a small, but not a large enough gun. 57mm MK.110 gun for Liberty and Independence class Littoral Combat Ships; therefore, only the Russian Army has its own mass-produced 57mm gun. Artillery Capabilities.

ZSU-57-2 artillery

Throughout history, a number of armies have used anti-aircraft guns as anti-tank, anti-personnel weapons, most notably the German 88mm. (a) Anti-aircraft guns, which were originally designed to allow the projectiles to reach a sufficient height and therefore ejected very quickly to penetrate the armour of tanks. The millimeter anti-aircraft gun is widely used against infantry or armored units due to its high rate of fire and higher power than the average anti-tank gun. The ZSU-57-2's 57mm gun is squarely in between, even if it can't be used against jets due to the lack of radar. It was an effective strike, but it still achieved great success in the Middle East War and during the Iran-Iraq War.

57mm MK.110 gun on the U.S. Navy Independence class Littoral Combat Ship

The Russian Army, in turn, has made modular equipment a necessary criterion for the modernization of its armaments: starting with various modified vehicles for the T-72's chassis to Now the Armata heavy tracked universal platform. More surprisingly, the turret links used by the Russian Armata, Kurgan series, BTR-82, BMD-4M and others. All made to the same specifications. As a result, chassis and turrets made by different manufacturers can now even be mixed within the Russian armored forces. Some Russian military experts also believe that, with the turret module being unmanned, the mix and match has allowed infantry fighting vehicles and armoured personnel carriers (APCs) to be used in the same way. tends to be similar in function.

The M247 Sergeant York anti-aircraft gun was tested and developed by the United States Army, but did not enter service.

Of course, the U.S. Army has actually worked on similar medium-caliber multi-purpose anti-aircraft guns, such as the M42 Scavenger and M247 Sergeant York. Both use 40mm guns, with the anti-infantry capability of the M42 Scavenger anti-aircraft gun also inflicting heavy casualties on our troops. In the modern era, however, the U.S. Army has chosen to reduce the Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle's main gun to 25mm, which, although it has increased the number of casualties on the front lines of the war on terror, has been a major factor. Capable of fighting armed pickups and terrorists, but lacking in firepower when it comes to actually facing the infantry fighting vehicles used by regular troops. Knowing this, the Russians, who had been on the lookout for U.S. forces, therefore chose to continue using 57mm guns to maintain a higher lethality. By now, the U.S. Army, which found itself short of firepower, was planning to develop a replacement for the Bradley infantry fighting vehicle, which also featured a Requires a 50 mm rapid-fire gun. To compensate for the lack of lethality of the 25mm gun.

2S38 anti-aircraft gun turret

Although the Russian 57 mm gun is more powerful, it has a lower rate of fire performance and ammunition base than its Western infantry fighting vehicle counterparts, but Drones will become more and more important in future wars, and the best way to prevent being shot down by drones is to take them out at ultra-long range. Shoot down. 20-30mm guns, which simply cannot reach the range of a 57mm rapid-fire gun, are immediately carried with the vehicle. Anti-aircraft missiles, which are only a few rounds, may also hit the air.

The anti-aircraft gun is also more versatile.

This is where the advantage of the 57mm rapid-fire gun comes into play, as it can destroy the enemy as quickly as possible at long range, despite its low ammunition base. drones, minimizing the threat. Similarly, in a duel between infantry vehicles, a 57mm rapid-fire gun can destroy 20-30mm at a much longer range Infantry fighting vehicles with caliber guns can even threaten main battle tanks from the side.

In conclusion, we can conclude that from the perspective of future warfare, infantry fighting vehicles equipped with similar artillery guns, represented by 57-mm rapid-fire guns, are likely to have the greatest advantage on future battlefields.


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