Editor's note.Honeysuckle is a common traditional Chinese medicine with a long history of clearing heat and removing toxins, and dispersing wind-heat. Guangdong and other places. The pharmacological effects are mainly anti-inflammatory and antipyretic, anti-tumor, antibacterial, antioxidant, lower blood sugar, lung protection, etc. It has rich pharmacological effects and high medicinal value. Because of its rich pharmacological effects and high medicinal value, it is often used in a variety of prescriptions together with other drugs, with clinical applications. Extensive. Recently, Xinhua invited Cui Yiran, a herbalist from Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, to explain the wonderful use of honeysuckle.
Honeysuckle is the dried flower buds or early blooming flowers of Lonicera japonica, because the flowers are white when they first open and turn yellow after two or three days, presenting a Yellow and white reflect the scene, so the name honeysuckle. Ming - Li Shizhen "Compendium of Materia Medica" has a very vivid description of this: "the first flowers, stamens and petals are white; after two or three days, the color turns yellow. . The old and the new reflect each other, it is called honeysuckle, gas very fragrant." Also known as "honeysuckle", "honeysuckle", "double flower", "Erbaohua", etc., is a medicinal food and dual-use product. Because of its effect of clearing heat and detoxifying, evacuating wind-heat, it is widely used in the treatment of fever and flu, inflammation, SARS and avian flu and other bacteria. Virus infection, "pharmacy small fairy" "Chinese medicine in penicillin" known.
Lonicera japonica is the earliest medicinal name of honeysuckle, first appeared in the Eastern Jin Dynasty in Ge Hong's "Hou Houxiao Prepared Emergency Prescription", because of its "ling winter does not wither" growth. characteristics, hence the name Lonicera. Lonicera japonica as a medicinal plant, experienced a from the sole use of the stem and leaves, to the stem, leaves and flowers are used in medicine, and then emphasize the development of flower-based course.
Song before the more "Lonicera" recorded in the herb, to stem and leaves or whole herb medicine, and no honeysuckle name. Its name first appeared in the Northern Song Dynasty "Su Shen Liang Fang", in the book: "Leaf tips round stem, stems and leaves are hairy, born in fields and hedges, everywhere, two The leaves are opposite. In spring and summer, the new leaves are pointed, and the color is green and soft, in autumn and winter is strong, dark and round, frost is the leaf volume and color purple, the winter does not wither. April flowers, very fragrant, fragrance smell a few steps, the first color white, a few days will turn yellow. Each yellow and white, so a honeysuckle. "The legendary legend of the legendary legend of the northwest coast of China, where the legendary legend of the northwest coast of China was recorded, is a legendary legend. Muscle and bone pain ... ... a honeysuckle. At that time, although the name "honeysuckle", but did not speak of flower medicine, the clinical use is still Lonicera japonica vine stems or whole herb, "honeysuckle". "It can be said that it is just a term used to describe its botanical characteristics. In the Ming dynasty, it was gradually used with flowers and leaves, and in the Qing dynasty, it was regarded as "its flowers are wonderful" and the flowers were preferred to the vine, after which the flowers and leaves of the vine were each used in medicine. The 2015 edition of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia separates "honeysuckle" and "honeysuckle vine" into two separate categories, with honeysuckle being the dried flower buds of honeysuckle or the first blooms of the vine. The flower, specializing in clearing heat and detoxification; Lonicerae is the dried stems and branches of Lonicerae, specializing in passages to invigorate the collaterals.
During the Song and Yuan dynasties, honeysuckle was mostly used in surgical sores and ulcers to clear away heat and toxins, such as the use of honeysuckle in the Immortal Formula Life Drink. This formula was called "the holy medicine for sores and carbuncles, the first formula for surgery". By the Ming Dynasty, doctors clearly pointed out the function of honeysuckle in clearing heat and removing toxins, cooling blood and stopping dysentery. In the Qing Dynasty, the application of honeysuckle took its function of dissipating wind-heat, cooling blood and detoxifying poison, which not only inherited from its predecessors, but also had its unique insight in some aspects. Place and Innovation. People in the Qing Dynasty officially used honeysuckle as a tea. The Materia Medica Seeking Truth mentions, "In the southern part of the country, this was used as a substitute for tea." Dried honeysuckle flowers were dried and brewed into tea to clear the heat and were often used in hot areas or during spring and summer. Manufacture of medicinal dew. The production of honeysuckle dew is found in the "Materia Medica Gleanings": "Honeysuckle dew is taken by steaming the flowers of the Lonicerae vine, the flowers are fragrant, the dried flowers are less lame. Gas fen depression and sweet taste, can open the stomach and broaden the middle, detoxification and fire, summer months to replace the tea, feeding children without sores and poison, especially to dissipate the summer heat." Prevention and treatment of plague. Qing temperature disease everyone Wu Ju Tong in the "temperature disease article identification" is particularly good at using honeysuckle, creating several first honeysuckle as the main composition of the drug Prescriptions are used for the treatment of temperature and fever, such as the famous silver forsythia and Qing Ying Tang.
In addition to medicinal use, the honeysuckle plant is also used as an urban gardening plant due to its climbing branches and vines, long flowering period and delicate leaf shape. Seoul has designated it as a city flower. The flowers and leaves are rich in glucosides and ketones, which make it a good substitute for tea to quench the thirst. In recent years, the functions of honeysuckle have been discovered, such as making toothpaste, cosmetics, children's mouth sores, etc., and in the fight against atypical pneumonia ( (SARS) The herbal formula for SARS also includes honeysuckle as a major ingredient. (Cui Yiran)
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