The 10 Deepest Lakes on Earth

2020-06-15

Most of the Earth's surface is covered by oceans, and the water is unfathomably deep, like the Mariana Trench is the deepest part of the Earth, and even if you take the Mount Everest can't even be filled in, but you know, there are also a lot of very deep lakes on land, deeper than you can imagine, even though You're the best swimmer in the world, and the fear of it brings with it can consume your life. Here's a look at the 10 deepest lakes on earth.

10 [Lake Matano] 595 meters. Situated in South Sulawesi province of Indonesia. It is an important source of fresh water and is the deepest lake in Indonesia, covering an area of 164 square kilometers with an altitude of 382m. With a maximum depth of 595 meters and an average depth of 60 meters, it is the deepest lake in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. The waters of Lake Matano flow from the Patea River through a waterfall to Lake Maharuna (Lake Malili). Lake Matano is famous for its extremely clear water and its unique fish species, which over time has changed from a primitive homogeneous Developed to the current diversity.

9 [Crater Lake] 608 m. Located in Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, USA, it is 9.5 km long and 8 to 9.5 km wide, with an elevation of 1883 m above sea level. It is the second deepest lake in the North American continent (second only to Canada's Big Slave Lake), and is the deepest lake in the United States. The water temperature never rises above 13°C and there has only been one known instance of lake freezing. In North America, its lake water is also the most clear and pure, in 1997, the United States scientists measured the lake's maximum transparency reached 43.3 In 1997, U.S. scientists measured the lake's maximum transparency at 43.3 m, surpassing Lake Mochou (41.6 m) and Lake Baikal (40.5 m) in Hokkaido, Japan, and ranking first in the world.

8 [Big Slave Lake] 614 meters. Is the second largest lake in Canada, the lake area of 28,600 square kilometers of the lake surface 156 meters above sea level, the lake is deep and clear water, up to 614 meters! The depth of the lake makes it the deepest lake in North America. Due to the extremely low temperatures in this region, the lake is partially frozen for up to eight months of the year, and in the winter the ice is surprisingly thick, even Trucks can drive on it. Many visitors to the area believe there is a "lake monster" in the lake.

Some people say they have seen a creature like a big hump swimming in the water, it is said that this animal has the size of a crocodile.

7 [Issyk-Kul Lake] 668 meters. Located in the Kyrgyz Republic in the north of the Tien Shan Mountains, it is an inland saltwater lake, 178 km long from east to west and 60 km wide from north to south. The lake is 1,608 meters above sea level. Previously experts believe that 2500 years ago this place was an ancient metropolis. Issyk-Kul Lake average depth of 305 meters, the lowest point is 668 meters deep. Is not only the largest lake within the auspicious territory, is also one of the world's largest inland mountain lake.

6 [Lake Malawi] also known as Lake Nyasa, 706 meters. In the southern part of the Great Rift Valley in East Africa, located between Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, an area of 30,800 square kilometers, the third largest in Africa. Large freshwater lake. At 9 a.m. each day, Lake Malawi begins to recede until the water level drops by more than six meters before it aborts; after about two hours, the lake continues to After four hours, a steady stream of water returned, and at 7 p.m., the lake began to stir, with only the water level continuing to It rose until the flood overflowed and poured out in all directions; for about two hours the wind calmed down. The mystery is still unsolved.

5 [Lake O'Higgins San Martin] 836m. In Chile it is called Lake O'Higgins, in Argentina it is called Lake San Martín. This lake stretches in a winding way across the border between Chile and Argentina, and the people of both countries commemorate O'Higgins and San Martín in this way. San Martin these two Latin American national heroes who fought side by side in the War of Independence. It is the deepest lake in the Americas at a depth of 836 meters. The lake has eight well-defined branches in which its azure water comes from the rock flour upstream.

4 [Lake of the East] at 900 meters is the largest and deepest glacial lake in the world, located near the Russian Eastern Station in the Antarctic in 4 km thick ice. Under, with an area of 15,690 square kilometers, it is the purest lake on earth. It was discovered by British and Russian scientists only in 1996. The lake has an average water temperature of -3 degrees Celsius, but the tremendous pressure created by the ice on the lake causes the water below zero degrees to still not freeze. Scientists also found that the ice in the lake may have existed for 420,000 years and the water at the bottom may have existed for more than a million years. Until now, there is no proof of the existence of organisms in the Oriental Lake.

3 [Caspian Sea] 1025 meters. Between Russia and northern Iran, surrounded on the south and south-west by the Elbrus and Caucasus mountains, and on the other sides by low, flat The plains and lowlands. With a length of about 1,200 km from north to south, it is the longest and only lake in the world with a length of more than 1,000 km. With an average width of about 320 kilometers from east to west and a shoreline length of about 7000 kilometers, the lake covers an area of 371,000 square kilometers and is almost as large as the The Baltic Sea is comparable, 10 times the size of the Sea of Azov and larger than the combined area of the famous North American Great Lakes (245,000 square kilometres) It is also 51% larger.

2 [Lake Tanganyika] 1470 meters, is the world's narrowest lake, with an area of 32,900 square kilometers, in Africa's lakes , second only to Lake Victoria, is the deepest lake in Africa. Lake Tanganyika is not only one of the narrowest and deepest lakes in the world, but also one of the most famous dive sites. Its surface is 774 meters above sea level, and the difference between its deepest depth and the height of the lake means that its deepest lake bottom is 696 meters below sea level! The lake bottom is below sea level and ranks fourth in the world in terms of subduction zones. The average depth of Lake Tanganyika's bottom is 200 meters lower than the world's ocean surface.

1 [Lake Baikal] 1636 meters. Also known as the "Siberian blue eye", located in southern Siberia on the Russian-Mongolian border, before the Kangxi dynasty of the Qing dynasty was the territory of China, the "Siberian blue eye". The Treaty of Nerchinsk ceded Lake Baikal west of the Heilongjiang River and east of Lake Baikal to Russia. "Baikal" means "natural sea". The lake is 636 km long, which is equivalent to the distance from Moscow to St. Petersburg, and its deepest point is 1636.5 meters. The deepest lake in the world. With a total storage capacity of 23,600 cubic kilometers, it is equivalent to the combined storage capacity of the Great Lakes in North America and accounts for about 15.

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