Everything dies, so does time itself stop?


The state of everything changes over the course of time, and some changes can be easily observed at the macro level, such as the birth and death of living organisms, the decay of matter through chemical changes, and the movement of objects in space.

Some changes are not easily observed at the macroscopic level because of the time scale, such as the death of a star, which has a minimum life span of millions of years, which is unbelievably long compared to a human life span of 100 years.

Some changes occur at the microscopic level, such as the decay of the elements that make up everything. Decay is a nuclear reaction that causes an atom to change into an element of lower mass until the nucleus is stable and does not decay.

We have elements heavier than lead with nuclei that are unstable and decay, it's just a matter of half-life, so can an element that doesn't decay exist forever?

We have long believed that the number of baryons in the universe is conserved, that is, no matter how much the nucleus decays, the number of protons and neutrons together will not change, but according to the latest theories (Grand Unified Theory), protons will also decay, but the half-life time scale is astonishingly large 10^30 years, while the age of the universe is now only 10^10 years.

The non-conservation of the baryon number provides ideas for understanding the source of matter in the universe, and the mystery of the disappearance of antimatter, but in any case, the universe All the existing material we can see will one day perish in the relentless course of time, but what about time itself? Will it stop?

Why would the arrow of time go in a single direction to propel all things to decay without reversing the flow? You know that all the laws and formulas of physics have no rules about the direction of time.

In other words, the physical formulae that we humans use to describe the universe allow time to flow backwards, so why don't we see this in real life?

To address the above questions we first need to know what the time is.

It is true that time is somewhat of an abstraction, since it is not an entity that can be seen and touched, and it is also somewhat vague in feeling, sometimes feeling that time exists objectively and sometimes feeling that it does not, but is artificially defined.

It is true that our measurements and units of time are artificially defined, but this does not affect the fact that time exists objectively, for Time is a process by which things change in cosmic space. Let me give you a simple example.

This morning you got up and went to work, and this process of moving from your house to your office, you've had a displacement in space, so the whole process of this displacement It is time. And how quickly you displace (speed) determines the length of the process (time).

When you arrive at the office and sit at your desk all morning, if you have not been displaced in relation to your surroundings, have you not experienced What about time for this process? Not really, you have no displacement on the macroscopic scale, but the microscopic time in your body is changing all the time, and this change in the The process is also the passage of time.

Furthermore, we also know that there are no absolutely stationary objects in the universe, so everything undergoes a process of change in space. process. In other words, everything undergoes the passage of time, and the speed of time is determined by the speed of change of things.

The speed of change of all things is not the same, and some things change without rules, so we need to find regular changes in nature to unify the provisions of the speed of the passage of time, to guide our production life.

As early as 30,000 years ago, human beings already discovered the regular changes of the sun, moon and stars in the sky to determine the changes of the earth's solar energy to guide agricultural production, which is actually the beginning of people's measurement of time.

Later we specified the months and days of the year based on the rotation and rotation of the Earth and the motion of the moon, and divided the day into 24-hour periods to more accurately measure the rate at which other things change in space.

The next question is, why did time move in a single direction?

This question has troubled many of the great philosophers and physicists of history because, according to the simple laws of physics, a broken mirror can be reunited, or a broken cup can be transformed into its original intact state through the opposite process, as long as time is allowed to move backwards.

So why does time always move forward? This problem is finally explained by the basic laws of thermodynamics. If you look closely at everything, anything (a system) will gradually change from an ordered state to a disordered state. This process is known as entropy increase.

The process of entropy increase is not reversible in the natural state unless energy is re-introduced into the system to reduce the entropy of the system. For example, when a cup is broken, the arrangement of the cups changes from an ordered state to a disordered state. state, you have to expend energy to repair it again, and the process of getting energy causes the entropy of other things to increase.

If you don't clean up your room for days, it will become dusty and messy, and if you want it to be clean again, you have to expend energy to clean it up, and this process increases the entropy of the sun.

The entropy in our bodies is also increasing, so we have to reduce the increase in entropy by constantly gaining energy to prolong our lives until we die one day and the atoms in our bodies return to nature again.

The laws of thermodynamics tell us that heat is spontaneously transferred from a hot object to a cold object, but cannot be spontaneously transferred from a cold object to a hot object without having any effect on the outside world.

Since the energy of the entire universe is limited, and the universe is constantly accelerating expansion and cooling, one day the energy in the universe will reach a process that cannot be transferred, and then the entire universe will be in a completely disordered state, and everything will decline.

That's why the arrow of time is passing in one direction.

So will time itself stop?

If you're reading this, I'm sure you already have an answer to the question, we often say that time and space came into being after the creation of the universe and before. There is no such thing as time and space. The existence of time in turn depends on the movement and change of matter in space.

Then when the stars in the universe decay after trillions of years and become white dwarfs and neutron stars, the remains of such stars will also be very long Cool down on the time scale until it becomes a black dwarf. The universe would then be dark and lifeless.

What's more, the galaxy will inevitably collapse towards its centre, and the black hole will swallow up an enormous amount of matter, increasing its gravitational pull and eventually engulfing the galaxy.

So can black holes last forever? Neither can, according to Hawking radiation black holes also undergo decay slow loss of mass until they disappear. The ultimate universe would be devoid of any matter, then time would end there too.

NASA's 2024 return mission to the moon is in serious financial trouble

It's also worth noting that the timeline for NASA's 2024 lunar exploration efforts is already tight, and any delay could result in a significant delay in the actual mission date to return humans to the moon.


Everything dies, so does time itself stop?

It is true that time is a somewhat abstract thing, as it is not an entity that can be seen and touched, and it is also vague in feeling, sometimes feeling that time exists objectively, and sometimes feeling that it does not exist, but is merely artificially defined.


NASA and ESA to release first images of solar orbiter this week

The Solar Orbiter is the first medium-class mission launched under the ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program to answer key questions about the solar system, the emergence of the universe, the fundamental physics that shaped nature, the development of plants and how life forms in the universe.


Two neutron stars found 130 million light-years away: will collide and merge in 470 million years

Astronomers have discovered an unusual pulsar, one of the "beacons" of a highly magnetized, spinning neutron star that spins from its magnetic poles... Emitting highly focused radio waves. This newly discovered pulsar, PSRJ1913+1102, is part of a binary system, which means it is in close proximity to the other pulsar. A neutron star is locked in an extremely tight orbit.


How the Universe Comes Together, Dark Matter Mapping Reveals the Mystery Behind It

The fact that no object is thrown out by centrifugal force as the Earth rotates is evidence that there is some force that may have a bearing on matter generating constraints. The experiment uses the same principle as the largest experiment in human history - Lord Rutherford's discovery of the atom in 1908 - to create a constraint. The principle is the same.


Take a look at the mantle from 6 angles

Here, seismic waves are so strongly influenced that most researchers believe the rocks here are not only different crystallographically, but more likely chemically as well.


Using X-rays for navigation, how do they do it?

NASA has invented a new type of autonomous space navigation that can see man-made spacecraft fly to the far reaches of the solar system and beyond by using pulsars as guide stars.


Getting to Mars is the biggest dream, the Mars program is becoming clearer, and the lunar space station is critical

The closest distance between Earth and Mars is also 54.6 million kilometers, which does sound a lot farther away, but we need to be aware that Earth and There is also the Moon between Mars and Mars, so scientists plan to use the Moon as a "springboard" to get to Mars. This "springboard" is in fact a series of lunar programs, in which the realization of the lunar surface base, lunar orbiting space station is the lunar program of the Focus.


July Astronomical Spectacular: Comet NEOWISE Solo Show Coming Up, Get This Schedule!

There has already been one stable visible comet during 2020, including C2019 Y1 and Y4 ATLAS, 2017 T2 PanSTARRS and 2019 U6 Lemmon.


It's spectacular! Hubble telescope captures: stellar fireworks 8,000 light-years away from universe

It's spectacular. Beautiful cosmic fireworks, and astronomers have taken a stunning new image with the Hubble Space Telescope showing star clusters. Celestial fireworks in G286.21+0.17.



Originally a northeastern dish, but in Hunan Province, a new approach to become a special signature dish, eaten all praised good!

Is Phoenix worth a visit? There's a lot of talk on the Internet, but it's always loud.

Every time you worry about cooking, 10 home-cooked food recommendations are very tasty, on the table everyone grabbing to eat!

Memories of football: the days when Milan had four 10s on the pitch at the same time

It's getting hotter and hotter, teach you 8 appetizing cold dishes, good to do not difficult, super gluttony, table everyone loves!

"chicken soup" the best way to drink, soup, fresh taste, beauty, my home to eat twice a week.

Two Visits to the Ancient Wild Goose Gate - Western Passes

US media: archaeologists find Britain's largest prehistoric ruins near Stonehenge

Michael Jackson's niece stabbed seven times after being confronted by rabid racist on her way out of the house

How to make Stewed Pork Feet, a delicious and delicious home-cooked dish.